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php生成动态验证码gif图片

作者:佚名 来源:三连 更新时间:2015-10-20
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这是一个通过php生成的动态验证码图片的示例,重点是可以运行哦!下面先发下效果图:

下面是php生成动态验证码需要用到的相关类和函数。

<?php 
/** 
*ImageCode 生成包含验证码的GIF图片的函数 
*@param $string 字符串 
*@param $width 宽度 
*@param $height 高度 
**/ 
function ImageCode($string='',$width=75,$height=25){ 
  $authstr=$string?$string:((time()%2==0)?mt_rand(1000,9999):mt_rand(10000,99999)); 
  $board_width=$width; 
  $board_height=$height; 
  // 生成一个32帧的GIF动画 
  for($i=0;$i<32;$i++){ 
    ob_start(); 
    $image=imagecreate($board_width,$board_height); 
    imagecolorallocate($image,0,0,0); 
    // 设定文字颜色数组 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,15,73,210); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,64,0); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,64); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,128,128); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,27,52,47); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,51,0,102); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,145); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,113); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,51,51); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,158,180,35); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,59,59,59); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,0); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,1,128,180); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,153,51); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,60,131,1); 
    $colorList[]=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,0); 
    $fontcolor=ImageColorAllocate($image,0,0,0); 
    $gray=ImageColorAllocate($image,245,245,245); 
    $color=imagecolorallocate($image,255,255,255); 
    $color2=imagecolorallocate($image,255,0,0); 
    imagefill($image,0,0,$gray); 
    $space=15;// 字符间距 
    if($i>0){// 屏蔽第一帧 
      $top=0; 
      for($k=0;$k<strlen($authstr);$k++){ 
        $colorRandom=mt_rand(0,sizeof($colorList)-1); 
        $float_top=rand(0,4); 
        $float_left=rand(0,3); 
        imagestring($image,6,$space*$k,$top+$float_top,substr($authstr,$k,1),$colorList[$colorRandom]); 
      } 
    } 
    for($k=0;$k<20;$k++){ 
      $colorRandom=mt_rand(0,sizeof($colorList)-1); 
      imagesetpixel($image,rand()%70,rand()%15,$colorList[$colorRandom]); 
   
    } 
    // 添加干扰线 
    for($k=0;$k<3;$k++){ 
      $colorRandom=mt_rand(0,sizeof($colorList)-1); 
      $todrawline=1; 
      if($todrawline){ 
        imageline($image,mt_rand(0,$board_width),mt_rand(0,$board_height),mt_rand(0,$board_width),mt_rand(0,$board_height),$colorList[$colorRandom]); 
      }else{ 
        $w=mt_rand(0,$board_width); 
        $h=mt_rand(0,$board_width); 
        imagearc($image,$board_width-floor($w / 2),floor($h / 2),$w,$h, rand(90,180),rand(180,270),$colorList[$colorRandom]); 
      } 
    } 
    imagegif($image); 
    imagedestroy($image); 
    $imagedata[]=ob_get_contents(); 
    ob_clean(); 
    ++$i; 
  } 
  $gif=new GIFEncoder($imagedata); 
  Header('Content-type:image/gif'); 
  echo $gif->GetAnimation(); 
} 
 
 
/** 
*GIFEncoder类 
**/ 
Class GIFEncoder{ 
  var $GIF="GIF89a";       /* GIF header 6 bytes    */  
  var $VER="GIFEncoder V2.06";   /* Encoder version      */  
  var $BUF=Array(); 
  var $LOP=0; 
  var $DIS=2; 
  var $COL=-1; 
  var $IMG=-1; 
  var $ERR=Array( 
    'ERR00'=>"Does not supported function for only one image!", 
    'ERR01'=>"Source is not a GIF image!", 
    'ERR02'=>"Unintelligible flag ", 
    'ERR03'=>"Could not make animation from animated GIF source", 
  ); 
  function GIFEncoder($GIF_src,$GIF_dly=100,$GIF_lop=0,$GIF_dis=0, $GIF_red=0,$GIF_grn=0,$GIF_blu=0,$GIF_mod='bin'){ 
    if(!is_array($GIF_src)&&!is_array($GIF_tim)){ 
      printf("%s: %s",$this->VER,$this->ERR['ERR00']); 
      exit(0); 
    }  
    $this->LOP=($GIF_lop>-1)?$GIF_lop:0; 
    $this->DIS=($GIF_dis>-1)?(($GIF_dis<3)?$GIF_dis:3):2; 
    $this->COL=($GIF_red>-1&&$GIF_grn>-1&&$GIF_blu>-1)?($GIF_red |($GIF_grn<<8)|($GIF_blu<<16)):-1; 
 
    for($i=0,$src_count=count($GIF_src);$i<$src_count;$i++){ 
      if(strToLower($GIF_mod)=="url"){ 
        $this->BUF[]=fread(fopen($GIF_src [$i],"rb"),filesize($GIF_src [$i])); 
      }elseif(strToLower($GIF_mod)=="bin"){ 
        $this->BUF [ ]=$GIF_src [ $i ]; 
      }else{ 
        printf("%s: %s(%s)!",$this->VER,$this->ERR [ 'ERR02' ],$GIF_mod); 
        exit(0); 
      }  
      if(substr($this->BUF[$i],0,6)!="GIF87a"&&substr($this->BUF [$i],0,6)!="GIF89a"){ 
        printf("%s: %d %s",$this->VER,$i,$this->ERR ['ERR01']); 
        exit(0); 
      }  
      for($j=(13+3*(2<<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07))),$k=TRUE;$k;$j++){ 
        switch($this->BUF [$i]{$j}){ 
          case "!":  
            if((substr($this->BUF[$i],($j+3),8))=="NETSCAPE"){ 
                printf("%s: %s(%s source)!",$this->VER,$this->ERR ['ERR03'],($i+1)); 
                exit(0); 
            }  
            break; 
          case ";":  
            $k=FALSE; 
          break; 
        }  
      }  
    }  
    GIFEncoder::GIFAddHeader(); 
    for($i=0,$count_buf=count($this->BUF);$i<$count_buf;$i++){ 
      GIFEncoder::GIFAddFrames($i,$GIF_dly[$i]); 
    }  
    GIFEncoder::GIFAddFooter(); 
  }  
  function GIFAddHeader(){ 
    $cmap=0; 
    if(ord($this->BUF[0]{10})&0x80){ 
      $cmap=3*(2<<(ord($this->BUF [0]{10})&0x07)); 
      $this->GIF.=substr($this->BUF [0],6,7); 
      $this->GIF.=substr($this->BUF [0],13,$cmap); 
      $this->GIF.="!\377\13NETSCAPE2.0\3\1".GIFEncoder::GIFWord($this->LOP)."\0"; 
    }  
  }  
  function GIFAddFrames($i,$d){ 
    $Locals_str=13+3*(2 <<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07)); 
    $Locals_end=strlen($this->BUF[$i])-$Locals_str-1; 
    $Locals_tmp=substr($this->BUF[$i],$Locals_str,$Locals_end); 
    $Global_len=2<<(ord($this->BUF [0]{10})&0x07); 
    $Locals_len=2<<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07); 
    $Global_rgb=substr($this->BUF[0],13,3*(2<<(ord($this->BUF[0]{10})&0x07))); 
    $Locals_rgb=substr($this->BUF[$i],13,3*(2<<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07))); 
    $Locals_ext="!\xF9\x04".chr(($this->DIS<<2)+0).chr(($d>>0)&0xFF).chr(($d>>8)&0xFF)."\x0\x0"; 
    if($this->COL>-1&&ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x80){ 
      for($j=0;$j<(2<<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07));$j++){ 
        if(ord($Locals_rgb{3*$j+0})==($this->COL>> 0)&0xFF&&ord($Locals_rgb{3*$j+1})==($this->COL>> 8)&0xFF&&ord($Locals_rgb{3*$j+2})==($this->COL>>16)&0xFF){ 
          $Locals_ext="!\xF9\x04".chr(($this->DIS<<2)+1).chr(($d>>0)&0xFF).chr(($d>>8)&0xFF).chr($j)."\x0"; 
          break; 
        }  
      }  
    }  
    switch($Locals_tmp{0}){ 
      case "!":  
        $Locals_img=substr($Locals_tmp,8,10); 
        $Locals_tmp=substr($Locals_tmp,18,strlen($Locals_tmp)-18); 
        break; 
      case ",":  
        $Locals_img=substr($Locals_tmp,0,10); 
        $Locals_tmp=substr($Locals_tmp,10,strlen($Locals_tmp)-10); 
        break; 
    }  
    if(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x80&&$this->IMG>-1){ 
      if($Global_len==$Locals_len){ 
        if(GIFEncoder::GIFBlockCompare($Global_rgb,$Locals_rgb,$Global_len)){ 
          $this->GIF.=($Locals_ext.$Locals_img.$Locals_tmp); 
        }else{ 
          $byte=ord($Locals_img{9}); 
          $byte|=0x80; 
          $byte&=0xF8; 
          $byte|=(ord($this->BUF [0]{10})&0x07); 
          $Locals_img{9}=chr($byte); 
          $this->GIF.=($Locals_ext.$Locals_img.$Locals_rgb.$Locals_tmp); 
        }  
      }else{ 
        $byte=ord($Locals_img{9}); 
        $byte|=0x80; 
        $byte&=0xF8; 
        $byte|=(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10})&0x07); 
        $Locals_img {9}=chr($byte); 
        $this->GIF.=($Locals_ext.$Locals_img.$Locals_rgb.$Locals_tmp); 
      }  
    }else{ 
      $this->GIF.=($Locals_ext.$Locals_img.$Locals_tmp); 
    }  
    $this->IMG=1; 
  }  
  function GIFAddFooter(){ 
    $this->GIF.=";"; 
  }  
  function GIFBlockCompare($GlobalBlock,$LocalBlock,$Len){ 
    for($i=0;$i<$Len;$i++){ 
      if($GlobalBlock{3*$i+0}!=$LocalBlock{3*$i+0}||$GlobalBlock{3*$i+1}!=$LocalBlock{3*$i+1}||$GlobalBlock{3*$i+2}!=$LocalBlock{3*$i+2}){ 
        return(0); 
      }  
    }  
    return(1); 
  }  
  function GIFWord($int){ 
    return(chr($int&0xFF).chr(($int>>8)&0xFF)); 
  }  
  function GetAnimation(){ 
    return($this->GIF); 
  }  
} 

php生成动态验证码用法示例:

/*调用示例*/ 
session_start(); 
$checkCode=''; 
$chars='abcdefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHJKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ23456789'; 
for($i=0;$i<4;$i++){ 
  $checkCode.=substr($chars,mt_rand(0,strlen($chars)-1),1); 
} 
$_SESSION['code']=strtoupper($checkCode);// 记录session 
ImageCode($checkCode,60);// 显示GIF动画 

以上就是php如何生成动态验证码的实现方法,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。

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